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Ethnography

Men's dressingThe main means of livelihood in the Kazanlak region used to be stock-breeding and farming, undertaken in a primitive way. Womens' dressing The households produced everything necessary for the food and clothing of their members - the fabrics, the clothes, the pots and the furniture. The specialisation of labour - the crafts, such as pottery, woodcraft, iron-smith craft, leather-working, etc., appeared and developed later and were also much related to the everyday needs of the population. The clothing, home furniture and tools of labour, besides their practical utility, also bear a sense of harmony and beauty which continues to impress us even today. During the late Middle Ages and especially during the National Revival the urban lifestyle started to differ significantly from the rural. In Kazanlak, the crafts flourished, especially those mostly connected to the prevalent industry of the region, i.e. the rose-growing. Examples of traditional crafts include blacksmiths trade, coppersmiths trade, glass-blowing, homespun tailoring, textile braid-making, shoemaking, etc. Weekly bazaars, fairs and markets were organised, boosting trade and spreading knowledge amongst the traders and producers. Several craftsmen associations were developed. Later, the first machines appeared, marking the age of manufacture. The first factories were established and the number of employed workers grew. This changed the everyday household objects and clothing. The western European lifestyle started taking prevalence. Yet the everyday lifestyle was not only labour and material achievement; it also brought joy of the produced, hope for the future, disappointment and faith, sorrow and happiness. The lifestyle provided the inspiration and background of many traditional customs, beliefs, rites, legends, fairytales, songs and dances.

"Kulata" Ethnographic Complex

'Kulata' Ethnographic Complex
'Kulata' Ethnographic Complex
The calm atmosphere of the old-times Kazanlak houses can be felt at the "Kulata" Ethnographic Complex. The beautiful white church at the northern end of the small square and the prettily arranged houses and small shops around it convey a sense of traditional cosiness to this Revivalist part of Kazanlak. Even today the hospitable hosts of the Complex will greet you and welcome you to a glass of rose liqueur and rose jam in the yard, telling you stories about the past and the present of Kazanlak. Today a museum, the once prominent "Hadzhienovata Kushta" (in translation - Hadzhienovs House) belonged to wealthy rose producers. 'Kulata' Ethnographic Complex Right at the entry the visitors can see the "gyulpana" (primitive rose-oil distillery) under the shed together with a unique collection of traditional farming tools and inventory. The house sits amidst a garden of trees, box shrubs and decorative roses. Architecturally, it is a two-storey, asymmetric building. The first floor is occupied by workshops and a cellar, while the second floor has a wide open veranda and three rooms - a kitchen, a bedroom and a guest room. The neighbouring yard hosts a rural-style house amid a flowery garden. It has two rooms - a bedroom and a kitchen, impressing with its practicality and humbleness. Through the small windows, light shines upon the multicoloured plates along the shelves, the colourful rugs and pillows. Nearby an old shop offers products of the oleaginous rose and works of the craftsmen, while across from it are the master-luthiers and a coppersmith. The Ethnographic Complex also can organise the display of various rituals related to local and traditional holidays, upon prior request.
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